List of publications by Urte Scholz

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Journal articles (peer reviewed)

In press

Bierbauer, W., Scholz, U., Bermudez, T., Debeer, D., Coch, M., Fleisch-Silvestri, R., Nacht, C.A., Tschanz, H., Schmid, J.-P., & Hermann, M. (in press). Improvements in exercise capacity of older adults during cardiac rehabilitation. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Knoll, N., Keller, J., Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., Röcke, C., Schrader, M., & Heckhausen, J. (in press). Control strategies and daily affect: Couples adapt to new functional limitations. GeroPsych.


Brinken, L., Schüz, B., Ferguson, S.G., Scholz, U., & Schüz, N. (2020). Social cognitions and smoking behaviour: Temporal resolution matters. British Journal of Health Psychology, 25, 210-227. DOI:10.1111/bjhp.12402

Davidson, K.W. & Scholz, U. (2020). Understanding and Predicting Health Behaviour Change: A Contemporary View Through the Lenses of Meta-Reviews. Health Psychology Review, 14, 1-5. DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2020.1719368

Kramer, J.-N., Künzler, F., Mishra, V., Smith, S.N., Kotz, D., Scholz, U., Fleisch, E., & Kowatsch, T. (2020). Which Components of a Smartphone Walking App Help Users to Reach Personalized Step Goals? Results from an Optimization Trial. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. DOI: 10.1093/abm/kaaa002

Rothman, A.J., Simpson, J.A., Huelsnitz, C.O., Jones, R.E., & Scholz, U. (2020). Integrating Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Processes: A Key Step in Advancing the Science of Behavior Change. Health Psychology Review, 14, 182-187. DOI:10.1080/17437199.2020.1719183


Cooke, R., Beccaria, F., Demant, J., Fernandez-Jesus, M., Fleig, L., Negreiros, J., Scholz, U., & deVisser, R. (2019). Patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm among European university students. European Journal of Public Health, 29 (6), 1125–1129. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckz067

Horodyska, K., Boberska, M. Kruk, M., Szczuka, Z., Wiggers, J., Wolfenden, L., Scholz, U., Radtke, T., &. Luszczynska, A. (2019). Perceptions of physical activity promotion, transportation support, physical activity, and body mass: an insight into parent-child dyadic processes. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 26 (3), 255-265.

Kramer, J.-N., Künzler, F., Mishra, V., Presset, B., Kotz, D., Smith, S., Scholz, U., & Kowatsch, T. (2018). Investigating Intervention Components and Exploring States of Receptivity for a Smartphone App to Promote Physical Activity: Study Protocol of the ALLY Micro-Randomized Trial (Preprint). JMIR Research Protocols, 8(1), e11540.

Kramer, J.N., Tinschert, P., Scholz, U., Fleisch, E., & Kowatsch, T. (2019). A Cluster-Randomized Trial on Small Incentives to Promote Physical Activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 56, e45−e54. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.09.018

Kruk., M, Zarychta, K., Horodyska, K., Boberska, M., Scholz, U., Radtke, T., & Luszczynska, A, (2019). What comes first, negative emotions, positive emotions, or moderate-to vigorous physical activity? Mental Health and Physical Activity, 16, 38-42. DOI:

Lüscher, J., Berli, C., Schwaninger, P., & Scholz, U. (2019). Smoking cessation with smartphone applications (SWAPP): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 19, 1400. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7723-z

Lüscher, J., Hohl, D. H., Knoll, N., & Scholz, U. (2019). Invisible social support and invisible social control in dual-smoker couple’s everyday life: A dyadic approach. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53, 527-540. doi: 10.1093/abm/kay062

Lüscher, J., Kowatsch, T., Boateng, G., Santhanam, P., Bodenmann, G., & Scholz, U. (2019). Social support and common dyadic coping in couple's dyadic management of Type II Diabetes: Study protocol for an ambulatory assessment application. JMIR Research Protocols, 8 (10), e13685. doi: 10.2196/13685

Scholz, U. (2019). It's time to think about time in health psychology. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 11, 173-186. DOI: 10.1111/aphw.12156


Berli, C., Lüscher, J., Luszczynska, A., Schwarzer, R., & Scholz, U. (2018). Couples' daily self-regulation: The Health Action Process Approach at the dyadic level. PLoS ONE, 13(10), e0205887. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0205887

Berli, C., Stadler, G., Shrout, P., Bolger, N., & Scholz, U. (2018). Interpersonal processes of couples’ daily support for goal pursuit: The example of physical activity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 44, 332-344. doi:10.1177/0146167217739264

Berli, C., Stadler, G., Shrout, P., Bolger, N., & Scholz, U. (2018). Mediators of physical activity adherence: Results from an action control intervention in couples. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 52, 65-76. doi: 10.1007/s12160-017-9923-z

Hohl, H. D., Lüscher, J., Keller, J., Burkert, S., Scholz, U., Luszczynska, A., Knoll, N. (2018). Inter-relations among negative social control, self-efficacy, and physical activity in healthy couples. British Journal of Health Psychology, 23, 580-596. doi:10.1111/bjhp.12305

Horsch, A., Gilbert, L., Lanzi, S., Gross, J., Kayser, B., Vial, Y., Simeoni, U., Hans, D., Berney, A., Scholz, U., Barakat, R., Puder, J.J. on behalf of MySweetHeart Research Group (2018). Improving cardiometabolic and mental health in women with gestational diabetes mellitus and their offspring: study protocol for MySweetHeart Trial, a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 8:e020462. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020462

Inauen, J., Radtke, T., Rennie, L., Scholz, U., & Orbell, S. (2018). Transfer or Compensation? An Experiment Testing the Effects of Actual and Imagined Exercise on Eating. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 77, 59-67. doi:10.1024/1662-9647/a000207.

Inauen, J., Stocker, A., & Scholz, U. (2018). Why and for whom may coping planning have adverse effects? A moderated mediation analysis. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 10, 272-289. doi:10.1111/aphw.12130

Liszewska, N., Scholz, U., Radtke, T., Horodyska, K., & Luszczynska, A. (2018). Bi-directional associations between parental feeding practices and children’s body mass in parent-child dyads. Appetite, 129, 192-197. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.07.011

Liszewska, N., Scholz, U., Radtke, T., Horodyska, K., & Luszczynska, A. (2018). Association between children’s physical activity and parental practices enhancing children’s physical activity: The moderating effects of children’s BMI z-score. Frontiers in Psychology. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02359

Radtke, T., Luszczynska, A., Schenkel, K., Biddle, S., & Scholz, U. (2018). A cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of an individual planning intervention with collaborative planning in adolescent friendship dyads to enhance physical activity (TWOgether) BMC Public Health, 18, 911. DOI:

Warner, L. M., Stadler, G., Lüscher, J., Knoll, N., Ochsner, S., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2018). Day-to-day mastery and self-efficacy changes during a smoking quit attempt: Two studies. British Journal of Health Psychology, 23, 371-386. DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12293


Amrein, M. A., Rackow, P., Inauen, J., Radtke, T., & Scholz, U. (2017). The role of Compensatory Health Beliefs in eating behavior change: A mixed method study. Appetite, 116, 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2017.04.016 

Banik, A., Luszczynska, A., Pawlowska, I., Cieslak, R., Knoll, N., & Scholz, U. (2017). Enabling, not Cultivating: Received Social Support and Self-Efficacy Explain Quality of Life after Lung Cancer Surgery. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 51, 1-12. doi:10.1007/s12160-016-9821-9  

Bierbauer, W., Inauen, J., Schäfer, S., Kleemeyer, M. M., Lüscher, J., König, C., Tobias, R., Kliegel, M., Zimmerli, L., Holzer, B. M., Battegay, E., Siebenhüner, K., Ihle, A., Schmid, C., & Scholz, U. (2017). Health behavior change in older adults: Testing the health action process approach at the interindividual and intraindividual level. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being, 9, 324-348. doi:10.1111/aphw.12094

Horodyska, K., Boberska, M, Knoll, N., Scholz, U., Radtke, T., Liszewska, N., & Luszczynska, A. (2017) What matters, parental or child perceptions of physical activity facilities? A prospective parent-child study explaining physical activity and body fat among children. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 34, 39-46. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.09.007 

Ihle, A., Inauen, J., Scholz, U., König, C., Holzer, B., Zimmerli, L., Battegay, E., Tobias, R., & Kliegel, M. (2017). Prospective and retrospective memory are differentially related to omission and commission errors in medication adherence in multimorbidity. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 24, 505-511. doi:10.1080/23279095.2016.1209675

Inauen, J., Bierbauer, W., Lüscher, J., König, C., Tobias, R., Ihle, A., Zimmerli, L., Holzer, B.M., Battegay, E., Siebenhüner, C., Kliegel, M., & Scholz, U. (2017). Assessing adherence to multiple medications and in daily life among patients with multimorbidity. Psychology & Health, 32, 1233-1248. doi:10.1080/08870446.2016.1275632

Inauen, J., Bolger, N., Shrout, P.E., Stadler, G., Amrein, M., Rackow, P., & Scholz, U. (2017). Using Smartphone-Based Support Groups to Promote Healthy Eating in Daily Life: A Randomized Trial. Applied Psychology Health and Well-Being, 9, 303-323. doi:10.1111/aphw.12093

Keller, J., Wiedemann, A.U., Hohl, D.H., Scholz, U., Burkert, S., Schrader, M. & Knoll, N. (2017). Predictors of dyadic planning: Perspectives of prostate cancer survivors and their partners. British Journal of Health Psychology, 22, 42-59. doi:10.1111/bjhp.12216   

Lüscher, J., Berli, C., & Scholz, U. (2017). Goal disengagement, well-being and goal achievement in romantic couples pursuing health behavior change: Evidence from two daily diary studies. Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing, 9, 36-59. doi:10.1111/aphw.12084 

Lüscher, J., & Scholz, U. (2017). Does social support predict smoking abstinence in dual-smoker couples? Evidence from a dyadic approach. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 30, 273-281. doi:10.1080/10615806.2016.1270448 

Lüscher, J., Stadler, G., & Scholz, U. (2017). The role of dual-smoker couples’ received and provided social support for daily smoking after a joint quit date. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 20, 100-107. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntx079

Rackow, P., Berli, C., Lüscher, J., Luszczynska, A., & Scholz, U. (2017). Emotional or instrumental support? Distinct effects on vigorous exercise and affect. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 33, 66-74. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.07.011 

Radtke, T., Ostergaard, M., Cooke, R., & Scholz, U. (2017). Web-based alcohol intervention: study of systematic attrition of heavy drinkers. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(6):e217. doi:10.2196/jmir.6780


Berli, C., Stadler, G., Inauen, J., & Scholz, U. (2016). Action control in dyads: A randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity in everyday life. Social Science and Medicine, 163, 89-97. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.07.003

Fernandes-Jesus, M., Beccaria, F., Demant, J., Fleig, L., Menezes, I., Scholz, U., de Visser, R., & Cooke, R. (2016). Validation of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire - Revised in six European countries. Addictive Behaviors, 62, 91-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.06.010  

Hagger, M.S., Luszczynska, A., de Wit, J., Benyamini, Y., Burkert, S., Chamberland, P.E., Chater, A., Dombrowski, S.U.,  van Dongen, A., French, D.P., Gauchet, A., Hankonen, N., Karekla, M., Kinney, A.Y., Kwasnicka, D., Lo, S.H., López-Roig, S., Meslot, C., Moreira Marques, M., Neter, E., Plass, A.M., Potthoff, S., Rennie, L., Scholz, U., Stadler, G., Stolte, E., ten Hoor, G., Verhoeven, A., Wagner, M., Oettingen, G., Sheeran, P., and Gollwitzer, P.M. (2016). Implementation Intention and Planning Interventions in Health Psychology: Recommendations from the Synergy Expert Group for Research and Practice. Psychology & Health, 31, 814-839. DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2016.1146719

Hohl, D.H., Knoll, N., Wiedemann, A., Keller, J., Scholz, U., Schrader, M., & Burkert, S. (2016). Enabling or cultivating? The Role of Prostate Cancer Patients' Received Partner Support and Self-Efficacy in the Maintenance of Pelvic-Floor Exercise Following Tumor Surgery. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50, 247-258. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-015-9748-6

Inauen, J., Shrout, P.E., Bolger, N., Stadler, G., & Scholz, U. (2016). Mind the gap? An intensive longitudinal study of between-person and within-person intention-behavior relations. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50, 516-522. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-016-9776-x

König, C., Stadler, G., Knoll, N., Ochsner, S., Hornung, R. & Scholz, U. (2016). Invisible support: Effects on the provider’s positive and negative affect. Applied Psycholog: Health and Wellbeing, 8, 172-191. DOI: 10.1111/aphw.12067

Luszczynska, A., Hagger, M.S., Banik, A., Horodyska, K., Knoll, N., & Scholz, U. (2016). Self-Efficacy, Planning, or a Combination of Both? A Controlled Trial Comparing Effects of Three Interventions on Adolescents' Body Fat. PLOS ONE, 11(7): e0159125. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0159125

Luszczynska, A., Horodyska, K., Zarychta, K., Liszewska, N., Knoll, N., & Scholz, U. (2016). Planning and self-efficacy interventions encouraging replacing energy-dense food intake with fruits and vegetables: A longitudinal experimental study. Psychology & Health, 31, 40-64. DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2015.1070156

Radtke, T., & Scholz, U. (2016). Beliefs are not behavior: The distinction of compensatory health beliefs and compensatory health behavior. European Journal of Health Psychology, 24(3), 119-129. doi:10.1026/0943-8149/a000161

Schnitzspahn, K. M., Scholz, U., Ballhausen, N., Hering, A., Ihle, A., Lagner, P., & Kliegel, M. (2016). Age differences in prospective memory for everyday life intentions: A diary approach. Memory, 24, 444-454. DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2015.1018276

Scholz, U., Stadler, G., Ochsner, S., Rackow, P., Hornung, R. & Knoll, N. (2016). Examining the relationship between daily changes in support and smoking around a self-set quit date. Health Psychology, 35, 514-517. DOI: 10.1037/hea0000286

van Koningsbruggen, G., Harris, P., Smits, A., Schüz, B., Scholz, U., & Cooke, R. (2016). Self-Affirmation Before Exposure to Health Communications Promotes Intentions and Health Behavior Change By Increasing Anticipated Regret. Communication Research, 43, 1027-1044. doi:10.1177/0093650214555180


Berli, C., Ochsner, S., Stadler, G., Knoll, N., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2015). Volitional processes and daily smoking: Examining inter- and intraindividual associations around a quit attempt. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 38, 306-317. DOI: 10.1007/s10865-014-9598-x

Gomez, P., Scholz, U., & Danuser, B. (2015). The Down-Regulation of Disgust by Implementation Intentions: Experiential and Physiological Concomitants. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 40, 95-106. DOI10.1007/s10484-015-9280-2

Luescher, J., Stadler, G., Ochsner, S., Rackow, P., Knoll, N., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2015). Daily Negative Affect and Smoking after a Self-Set Quit Attempt: The Role of Invisible Social Support in a Daily Diary Study. British Journal of Health Psychology, 20, 708-723. DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12135

Ochsner, S., Knoll, N., Stadler, G., Luszczynska, A., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2015). Interacting effects of receiving social control and social support during smoking cessation. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49, 141–146. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-014-9635-6

Rackow, P., Scholz, U., & Hornung, R. (2015). Received social support and exercising: An intervention study to test the enabling hypothesis. British Journal of Health Psychology, 20, 763-776. DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12139

Scholz, U., König, C., Eicher, S. & Martin, M. (2015). Stabilisation of health as the centre point of a health psychology of ageing. Psychology and Health, 30, 732-749. DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2014.991733


Berli, C., Loretini, P., Radtke, T., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2014). Predicting Physical Activity in Adolescents: The Role of Compensatory Health Beliefs within the Health Action Process Approach. Psychology and Health, 29, 458-474. DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2013.865028

Blecharz, J., Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., Schwarzer, R., Siekanska, M., & Cieslak, R. (2014). Predicting performance and performance satisfaction: mindfulness and beliefs about the ability to deal with social barriers in sport. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 27, 270-287. DOI: 10.1080/10615806.2013.839989

Blecharz, J., Luszczynska, A., Tenenbaum, G., Cieslak, R., & Scholz, U. (2014). Self-Efficacy moderates but collective efficacy mediates between motivational climate and athletes’ well-being. Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing, 6, 280-299. DOI: 10.1111/aphw.12028

Luescher, J., Ochsner, S., Berli, C., Knoll, N., Stadler, G., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2014). Invisible Social Control as Predictor of Daily Negative Affect And Smoking After a Self-Set Quit Date. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 22, 165-174. DOI: 10.1026/0943-8149/a000126

Luescher, J., Ochsner, S., Knoll, N., Stadler, G., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2014). Examining Gender Differences in Received, Provided and Invisible Social Control: An Application of the Dual-Effects-Model. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 27, 678-694. DOI: 10.1080/10615806.2014.892585

Ochsner, S., Luszczynska, A., Stadler, G., Knoll, N., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2014). The interplay of received social support and self-regulatory factors in smoking cessation. Psychology & Health, 29, 16-31. DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2013.818674

Rackow, P., Scholz, U., & Hornung, R. (2014). Effects of a new sports companion on received social support and physical exercise: An intervention study. Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing, 6, 300-317. DOI: 10.1111/aphw.12029

Radtke, T., Inauen, J., Rennie, L., Orbell, S., & Scholz, U. (2014). Trait versus state: Effects of dispositional and situational compensatory health beliefs on high calorie snack consumption. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 22, 156-164. DOI: 10.1026/0943-8149/a000125

Radtke, T., Kaklamanou, D., Scholz, U., Hornung, R., & Armitage, C. J. (2014). Are Diet-Specific Compensatory Health Beliefs Predictive of Dieting Intentions and Behaviour? Appetite, 76, 36-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.01.014

Scholz, U., & Berli, C. (2014). A Dyadic Action Control Trial in Overweight and Obese Couples (DYACTIC). BMC Public Health, 14, 1321. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1321

Zarychta, K., Luszczynska, A., & Scholz, U. (2014). The Association Between Automatic Thoughts About Eating, The Actual--Ideal Weight Discrepancies, and Eating Disorders Symptoms: A Longitudinal Study in Late Adolescence. Eating and Weight Disorders, 19, 199-207. DOI: 10.1007/s40519-014-0099-2


Komorowska Szczepanska, W., Scholz, U., Liszewska, N. & Luszczynska, A. (2013). Social and cognitive predictors of fruit and vegetable intake among adolescents: The context of changes in body weight. Journal of Health Psychology, 18, 667-679. DOI: 10.1177/1359105312437434

Luszczynska, A., Pawlowska, I., Cieslak, R., Knoll, N., & Scholz, U. (2013). Social support and quality of life among lung cancer patients: A systematic review. Psycho-Oncology, 22, 2160-2168. DOI: 10.1002/pon.3218

Ochsner, S., Scholz, U., & Hornung, R. (2013). Testing phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs in the context of dietary behaviour change. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 5, 99-117. DOI: 10.1111/j.1758-0854.2012.01079.x

Rackow, P., Scholz, U., & Hornung, R. (2013). The German psychological needs in Exercise Scale - Validation of a measure of need satisfaction in exercise. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 72, 137-148. DOI: 10.1024/1421-0185/a000107

Radtke, T., Scholz, U., Keller, R., Perren, S., & Hornung, R. (2013). Assessing the psychometric properties of the German version of the Compensatory Health Belief Scale. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 4, 159-166. DOI: 10.1026/0943-8149/a000100

Scholz, U., Berli, C., Goldammer, P., Lüscher, J., Hornung, R., & Knoll, N. (2013). Social control and smoking: Examining the moderating effects of different dimensions of relationship quality. Families, Systems, & Health, 31, 354-365. DOI: 10.1037/a0033063

Scholz, U., Ochsner, S., Hornung, R. & Knoll, N. (2013). Does social support really help to eat a low-fat diet? Main effects and gender differences of received social support within the Health Action Process Approach. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, 5, 270-290. DOI: 10.1111/aphw.12010

Scholz, U., Ochsner, S., & Luszczynska, A. (2013). Comparing different boosters of planning interventions on changes in fat consumption in overweight and obese individuals: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Psychology, 48, 604-615. DOI: 10.1080/00207594.2012.661061


Burkert, S., Knoll, N., Scholz, U., Roigas, J., & Gralla, O. (2012). Self-regulation following prostatectomy: Phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs in implementing pelvic-floor exercise. British Journal of Health Psychology, 17, 273-293. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8287.2011.02037.x

Goetzmann, L., Scholz, U., Dux, R., Roellin, M., Boehler, A., Muellhaupt, B., Noll, G., Wüthrich, R., Buddeberg, C. & Klaghofer, R. (2012). Life satisfaction and burnout after organ transplantation - a cross-sectional study with 121 heart, lung, liver and kidney patients and their spouses. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 125-134. DOI: 10.1024/1421-0185/a000079

Goetzmann, L., Scholz, U., Dux, R., Roellin, M., Boehler, A., Muellhaupt, B., Noll, G., Wüthrich, R., & Klaghofer, R. (2012). Attitudes towards transplantation and medication among 121 heart, lung, liver and kidney recipients and their spouses. Swiss Medical Weekly, 142: w13595. DOI: 10.4414/smw.2012.13595

Knoll, N., Burkert, S., Scholz, U., Roigas, J., & Gralla, O. (2012). The dual-effects model of social control revisited: Relationship satisfaction as a moderator. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 25, 291-307. DOI: 10.1080/10615806.2011.584188

Luszczynska, A., Durawa, A.B., Scholz, U., & Knoll, N. (2012). Empowerment beliefs and intention to uptake cervical cancer screening: Three psychosocial mediating mechanisms. Women & Health, 52, 162-181. DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2012.656187

Radtke, T. & Scholz, U. (2012). "Enjoy a delicious cake today and eat healthily tomorrow": Compensatory Health Beliefs and their impact on health. The European Health Psychologist, 14(2), 37-40. Retrieved from:

Radtke, T., Scholz, U., Keller, R., & Hornung, R. (2012). Smoking is ok as long as I eat healthily: Compensatory Health Beliefs and their role for intentions and smoking within the Health Action Process Approach. Psychology and Health, 27(2), 91-107. Retrieved from:

Scholz, U., Klaghofer, R., Dux, R., Roellin, M., Boehler, A., Muellhaupt, B., Noll, G., Wüthrich, R., Buddeberg, C. & Goetzmann, L. (2012). Predicting intentions and adherence behavior in the context of organ transplantation: Gender differences of provided social support. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 72, 214-219. DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.10.008

Scholz, U., Kliegel, M., Luszczynska, A., & Knoll, N. (2012). Associations between received social support and positive and negative affect: Evidence for age differences from a daily diary study. European Journal of Ageing, 9, 361-371. DOI:10.1007/s10433-012-0236-6

Thoma, M.V., Scholz, U., Ehlert, U., & Nater, U.M. (2012). Listening to music and physiological and psychological functioning: The mediating role of emotion regulation and stress reactivity. Psychology & Health, 27, 227-241. DOI:10.1080/08870446.2011.575225


Burkert, S., Scholz, U., Gralla, O., Roigas, J., & Knoll, N. (2011). Dyadic planning of health-behavior change after prostatectomy: A randomized-controlled planning intervention. Social Science and Medicine, 73, 783-792. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011. 06.016

Kroll, C., Keller, R., Scholz, U., & Perren, S. (2011). Evaluating the Decisional Balance construct of the Transtheoretical Model: are two dimensions of pros and cons really enough? International Journal of Public Health, 56, 97-105. DOI:10.1007/s00038-010-0175-y

Luszczynska, A., Goc, G., Scholz, U., Kowalska, M., & Knoll, N. (2011). Enhancing Intentions to Attend Cervical Cancer Screening With a Stage Matched Intervention. British Journal of Health Psychology, 16, 33-46. DOI:10.1348/135910710X499416

Radtke, T., Scholz, U., Keller, R., Knäuper, B., & Hornung, R. (2011). Smoking-specific Compensatory Health Beliefs and the readiness to stop smoking in adolescents. British Journal of Health Psychology, 16, 610-625. DOI: 10.1348/2044-8287.002001


Braun, M., Mura, K., Peter-Wight, M., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2010). Toward a better understanding of psychological well-being in dementia caregivers: The link between marital communication and depression. Family Process, 49, 2,185-203. DOI:10.1111/j.1545-5300.2010.01317.x

Braun, M., Scholz, U., Hornung, R., & Martin, M. (2010). Validierung der deutschsprachigen Version des Zarit Burden Interviews zur Erfassung der Belastung von Pflegepersonen von Demenzerkrankten. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 43, 111-119.

Braun, M., Scholz, U., Hornung, R., & Martin, M. (2010). The Burden of Spousal Caregiving: A preliminary psychometric evaluation of the German version of the Zarit Burden Interview. Aging and Mental Health, 14, 159-167. DOI:10.1080/13607860802459781

Lippke, S., Schwarzer, R., Ziegelmann, J. P., Scholz, U., & Schüz, B. (2010). Testing stage-specific effects of a stage-matched intervention: A randomized controlled trial targeting physical exercise and its predictors. Health Education & Behavior, 37, 533-546. DOI:10.1177/1090198109359386                                    

Perren, S., Keller, R., Passardi, M. & Scholz, U. (2010). Well-being curves across Transitions: The Development of a Retrospective Measure. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 69, 15-29. DOI:10.1024/1421-0185.a000003


Aberle, I., Scholz, U., Bach-Kliegel, B., Fischer, C., Gorny, M., Langer, K., & Kliegel, M. (2009). Psychological aspects in continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion: A retrospective study. The Journal of Psychology, 143, 147-160. DOI:10.3200/JRLP.143.2.147-160

Braun, M., Scholz, U., Bailey, B., Perren, S., Hornung, R., & Martin, M. (2009). Dementia caregiving in spousal relationships: A dyadic perspective. Aging and Mental Health, 13, 426-436. DOI:10.1080/13607860902879441

Knoll, N., Scholz, U., Burkert, S., Roigas, J., & Gralla, O. (2009). Effects of received and mobilized support on recipients’ and providers’ self-efficacy beliefs: A one-year follow-up study with patients receiving radical prostatectomy and their spouses. International Journal of Psychology, 44, 129-137. DOI:10.1080/00207590701607930

Martin, M., Peter-Wight, M., Braun, M., Hornung, R., & Scholz, U. (2009). The 3-phase model of dyadic adaptation to dementia: Why it might sometimes be better to be worse. European Journal of Aging, 6, 291-301. DOI:10.1007/s10433-009-0129-5

Scholz, U., Keller, R., & Perren, S. (2009). Predicting behavioral intentions and physical exercise: A test of the Health Action Process Approach at the intrapersonal level. Health Psychology, 28, 702-708. DOI: 10.1037/a0016088

Scholz, U., LaMarca, R., Nater, U.M., Aberle, I., Ehlert, U., Hornung, R., Martin, M., & Kliegel, M. (2009). Go no-go performance under psychosocial stress: Beneficial effects of implementation intentions. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 91, 89-92. DOI:10.1016/j.nlm.2008.09.002

Scholz, U., Nagy, G., Göhner, W., Luszczynska, A., & Kliegel, M. (2009). Changes in self-regulatory cognitions as predictors of changes in smoking and nutrition behaviour. Psychology & Health, 24, 545-561. DOI:10.1080/08870440801902519

Schüz, B., Wiedemann, A.U., Mallach, N., & Scholz, U. (2009). Effects of a short behavioural intervention for dental flossing: randomized-controlled trial on planning when, where and how. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 36, 498-505. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01406.x

Wiedemann, A.U., Schüz, B., Sniehotta, F.F., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2009). Disentangling the Relation between Intentions, Planning, and Behavior: A Moderated Mediation Analysis. Psychology & Health, 24, 67-79. DOI:10.1080/08870440801958214


Scholz, U., Knoll, N., Roigas, J., & Gralla, O. (2008). Effects of provision and receipt of social support on adjustment to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 21, 227-241. DOI:10.1080/10615800801983759

Scholz, U., Nagy, G., Schüz, B., & Ziegelmann, J.P. (2008). The role of motivational and volitional factors for self-regulated running training: Associations on the between- and within-person level. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 421-439. DOI:10.1348/014466607X266606

Scholz, U., Schüz, B., Ziegelmann, J.P., Lippke, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2008). Beyond Behavioral Intentions: Planning Mediates Between Intentions and Physical Activity. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 479-494. DOI:10.1348/135910707X216062

Schwarzer, R., Luszczynska, A., Ziegelmann, J.P., Scholz, U., & Lippke, S. (2008). Social-cognitive predictors of physical exercise adherence: Three longitudinal studies in rehabilitation. Health Psychology, 27, (Suppl.), 54-63.


Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., & Sutton, S. (2007). Planning to change diet: A randomized controlled trial of an implementation intentions training intervention to reduce saturated fat intake after myocardial infarction. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 63, 491-497. DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.014

Scholz, U., Sniehotta, F. F., Burkert, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2007). Increasing physical exercise levels: Age-specific benefits of planning. Journal of Aging and Health, 19, 851-866. DOI:10.1177/0898264307305207                                 

Scholz, U., Sniehotta, F. F., Schüz, B., & Oeberst, A. (2007). Dynamics in self-regulation: Plan-execution self-efficacy and mastery of action plans. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 2706-2725. DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2007.00277.x

Schwarzer, R., Schüz, B., Ziegelmann, J.P., Lippke, S., Luszczynska, A., & Scholz, U. (2007). Adoption and maintenance of four health behaviors: Theory-guided longitudinal studies on dental flossing, seat belt use, dietary behavior, and physical activity. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33, 156-166. DOI:10.1007/BF02879897


Scholz, U., Knoll, N., Sniehotta, F. F., & Schwarzer, R. (2006). Physical activity and depressive symptoms in cardiac rehabilitation: Long-term effects of a self-management intervention. Social Science & Medicine, 62, 3109-3120. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.035

Scholz, U., & Sniehotta, F. (2006). Langzeiteffekte einer Planungs- und Handlungskontrollintervention auf die körperliche Aktivität von Herzpatienten nach der Rehabilitation. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 14, 73-81. DOI:10.1026/0943-8149.14.2.73

Sniehotta, F. F., Nagy, G., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2006). The role of action control in implementing intentions during the first weeks of behaviour change. British Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 87-106. DOI:10.1348/014466605X62460

Sniehotta, F. F., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2006). Action plans and coping plans for physical exercise: A longitudinal intervention study in cardiac rehabilitation. British Journal of Health Psychology, 11, 23-37. DOI:10.1348/135910705X43804


Schüz, B., Sniehotta, F. F., Scholz, U., & Mallach, N. (2005). Gender differences in preventive nutrition: An exploratory study addressing meat consumption after livestock epidemics. Irish Journal of Psychology, 26, 101-113. DOI:10.1080/03033910.2005.10446213       

Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). The general self-efficacy scale: Multicultural validation studies. The Journal of Psychology, 139, 439-457. DOI:10.3200/JRLP.139.5.439-457

Scholz, U., Sniehotta, F. F., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Predicting physical exercise in cardiac rehabilitation: The role of phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 27, 135-151.

Sniehotta, F. F., Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., & Lippke, S. (2005). Discontinuity patterns in stages of the precaution adoption process model: Meat consumption during a livestock epidemic. British Journal of Health Psychology, 10, 221-235. DOI:10.1348/135910705X26137

Sniehotta, F. F., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Bridging the intention-behaviour gap: Planning, self-efficacy, and action control in the adoption and maintenance of physical exercise. Psychology & Health, 20, 143-160. DOI:10.1080/08870440512331317670

Sniehotta, F. F., Scholz, U., Schwarzer, R., Fuhrmann, B., Kiwus, U., & Völler, H. (2005). Long-term effects of two psychological interventions on physical exercise and self-regulation after coronary rehabilitation. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12, 244-255. DOI:10.1207/s15327558ijbm1204_5

Sniehotta, F.F., Schwarzer, R., Scholz, U., & Schüz, B. (2005). Action planning and coping planning for long-term lifestyle change: Theory and assessment. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 565-576. DOI:10.1002/ejsp.258


Knoll, N., Rieckmann, N., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2004). Predictors of subjective age before and after cataract surgery: Conscientiousness makes a difference. Psychology & Aging, 19, 676-688. DOI:10.1037/t07564-000

Scholz, U., Gutiérrez-Dona, B., Sud, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2002). Is perceived self-efficacy a universal construct? Psychometric findings from 25 countries. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18, 242-251. DOI:10.1027//1015-5759.18.3.242

Journal articles (non peer reviewed)

Scholz, U. & Hornung, R. (2008). Social exchange processes, health behaviour, and health behaviour change: Research at the Social and Health Psychology Group at the University of Zurich. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 16, 131-134. DOI:10.1026/0943-8149.16.3.131

Burkert, S., Knoll, N., & Scholz, U. (2005). Korrelate der Rauchgewohnheiten von Studierenden und jungen Akademikern: Das Konzept der dyadischen Planung. Psychomed, 17, 240-246.


Hornung, R., Martin, M., Hausmann, D., Ziegelmann, J. P., & Scholz, U. (Hrsg.). (2009). Gesundheit und Gesundheitsförderung über die Lebensspanne. Kongressprogramm und Abstracts 9. Kongress für Gesundheitspsychologie der Fachgruppe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 17(Suppl. 1).


Knoll, N., Scholz, U., & Rieckmann, N. (2017). Einführung Gesundheitspsychologie (4. aktualisierte Auflage). München: Ernst Reinhardt Verlag.

Knoll, N., Scholz, U., & Rieckmann, N. (2013). Einführung Gesundheitspsychologie (3. Auflage). München: Ernst Reinhardt Verlag.

Knoll, N., Scholz, U., & Rieckmann, N. (2011). Einführung Gesundheitspsychologie (2. Auflage). München: Ernst Reinhardt Verlag.

Knoll, N., Scholz, U., & Rieckmann, N. (2005). Einführung in die Gesundheitspsychologie. München: Ernst Reinhard Verlag.

Book chapters

Ziegelmann, J. P., Scholz, U. & Martin. M. (2012). Entwicklung von Gesundheit und Alltagskompetenz im mittleren und höheren Erwachsenenalter (S. 201-219). In F. Lang, M. Pinquart & M. Martin (Hrsg.). Entwicklungspsychologie -Erwachsenenalter. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Scholz, U., Kliegel, M., & Hornung, R. (in press). Promotion of low-fat consumption in overweight individuals: Planning compensates for lower cognitive functioning. In E. H. Witte & S. Petersen (Eds.), Sozialpsychologie, Psychotherapie und Gesundheit. Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers.

Scholz, U., Schüz, B., & Ziegelmann, J.P. (2007). Motivation zu körperlicher Aktivität. In: R. Fuchs, W. Göhner, & H. Seelig (Hrsg). Aufbau eines körperlich-aktiven Lebensstils: Theorie, Empirie und Praxis (S. 131-150). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Scholz, U., Sniehotta, F.F., Knoll, N., & Schwarzer, R. (2006). On the interplay of physical activity, depressive symptoms, and self-regulation in cardiac patients. In: P. Buchwald (Ed). Stress and Anxiety: Application to Health, Work Place, Community, and Education (pp. 137-151). Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Press

Schwarzer, R., Scholz, U., Lippke, S., Sniehotta, F. F. & Ziegelmann, J. P. (2006). Self-regulatory processes in health behavior change. In Q. Jing (Ed.), Progress in psychological science around the world: Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Psychology (Vol. 2, Social and applied issues; pp. 167-180). London: Psychology Press.

Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Modelle der Gesundheitsverhaltensänderung. In R. Schwarzer (Hrsg.), Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Serie X, Band 1: Gesundheitspsychologie (S. 333-349). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Scholz, U., Sniehotta, F. F., Schüz, B., & Schwarzer, R. (2004). Physical exercise in cardiac rehabilitation patients: The role of phase-specific self-efficacy beliefs. In S. Keller & W. F. Velicer (Eds.), Research on the Transtheoretical Model: Where are we now, where are we going? (pp. 104-106). Lengerich, Germany: Pabst Science Publishers.

Luszczynska, A., Sniehotta, F. F., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2003). Modele zachowań zdrowotnych i problemy z ich empiryczną weryfikacją [Models of health behavior change and problems with their implementations]. In M. Fajkowska-Stanik, M. Marszał-Wiśniewska, & K. Drat-Ruszczak (Eds.), Pułapki metodologiczne w psychologii klinicznej [Clinical psychology: Methodological issues] (pp. 120-129). Warszawa, Poland: Academica.

Schwarzer, R., Sniehotta, F.F., Lippke, S., Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., Schüz, B., Wegner, M., & Ziegelmann, J. (2003). On the assessment and analysis of variables in the Health Action Process Approach: Conducting an investigation.

Scholz, U., & Sniehotta, F.F. (2002). Selbstregulation und Gesundheitsverhalten. In R. Schwarzer, M. Jerusalem & H. Weber (Hrsg.), Gesundheitspsychologie von A bis Z (S. 518-521). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Sniehotta, F.F., & Scholz, U. (2002). Intention. In R. Schwarzer, M. Jerusalem & H. Weber (Hrsg.), Gesundheitspsychologie von A bis Z (S. 252-255). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

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