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Department of Psychology Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence

  • Mother-child similarity in brain morphology

  • Early and Late Neural Correlates of Mentalizing

  • Mental well-being during the first months of Covid-19 in adults and children

  • Prefrontal-cortical-thickness-emotion-regulation-Covid-19-mental-health

    Prefrontal cortical thickness, emotion regulation strategy use and Covid-19 mental health



  • Koerner S, Staginnus M, Cornwell H, Smaragdi A, González-Madruga K, Pauli R.,  Rogers JC, Gao Y, Chester S, Townend S, Bernhard A, Martinelli A, Kohls G, Raschle NM, Konrad K, Stadler C, Freitag CM, De Brito SA & Fairchild, G. (2024). Does the relationship between age and brain structure differ in youth with conduct disorder?. Research on child and adolescent psychopathology, 1-12.
  • Cornwell H, Toschi N, Hamilton-Giachritsis C, Staginnus M, González-Madruga K, Smaragdi A, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Mackes N, Rogers J, Martinelli A, Kohls G, Raschle NM, Konrad K Stadler C, Freitag MF, De Brito SA & Fairchild,G. (2023). Identifying Cortical Structure Markers of Resilience to Adversity in Young People using Surface-Based Morphometry. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.


  • Dimanova, P., Borbás, R., Raschle, N.M.(2023). From mother to child: How intergenerational transfer is reflected in similarity of corticolimbic brain structure and mental health. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 101324.
  • Stadler, C., Freitag, C. M., Popma, A., Nauta-Jansen, L., Konrad, K., Unternaehrer, E., Ackermann, K., Bernhard, A., Martinelli, A., Oldenhof, H., Gundlach, M. Kohls, G., Prätzlich, M., Kieser, M., Limprecht, R., Raschle, N.M., Vriends, N., restman, R.L., Kirchner, M. & Kersten, L. (2023). START NOW: a cognitive behavioral skills training for adolescent girls with conduct or oppositional defiant disorder-a randomized clinical trial. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • Tkalcec A, Bierlein M, Seeger-Schneider G, Walitza S, Jenny B, Menks WM, Fehlbaum, LV, Borbas R, Cole DM, Raschle NM, Herbrecht E, Stadler C & Cubillo A (2023). Empathy deficits, callous-unemotional traits and structural underpinnings in autism spectrum disorder and conduct disorder youth. Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research.
  • Cornwell H, Toschi N, Hamilton-Giachritsis C, Staginnus M, Smaragdi A, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Rogers J, Martinelli A, Kohls G, Raschle NM, Konrad K, Stadler C, Freitag C, De Brito S & Fairchild G (2023). Identifying structural brain markers of resilience to adversity in young people using voxel-based morphometry. Development and Psychopathology, 1-13.
  • Cubillo A, Tkalcec A, Oldenhof H, Unternaehrer E, Raschle NM, Kohls G, ... & Stadler C (2023). Linking heart rate variability to psychological health and brain structure in adolescents with and without conduct disorder. Frontiers in Psychiatry14, 1101064.
  • Staginnus M, Cornwell H, Toschi N, Oosterling M, Paradysz M, Smaragdi A, González-Madruga K, Pauli R, Rogers JC, Bernhard A, Martinelli A, Kohls G, Raschle NM, Konrad K, Stadler C, Freitag CM, De Brito SA & Fairchild G. (2023). Testing the Ecophenotype Model: Cortical Structure Alterations in Conduct Disorder With Versus Without Childhood Maltreatment. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.


  • Dimanova, P., Borbás, R., Schnider, C. B., Fehlbaum, L. V., & Raschle, NM (2022). Prefrontal cortical thickness, emotion regulation strategy use and COVID-19 mental health. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience.
  • Fehlbaum LV, Peters L, Dimanova P, Roell M, Borbás R, Ansari D, & Raschle, NM (2022). Mother-child similarity in brain morphology: A comparison of structural characteristics of the brain’s reading network. Developmental cognitive neuroscience, 53, 101058. [PDF]
  • Bernhard A, Ackermann K, Martinelli A, Chiocchetti AG, Vllasaliu L, González-Madruga K, Batchelor M, Raschle NM, Oldenhof H, Jansen LMC, Kohls G, Konrad K, Popma A, Stadler C, Fairchild G, Freitag CM (2021). Neuroendocrine Stress Response in Female and Male Youths With Conduct Disorder and Associations With Early Adversity. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 61(5), 698-710. [PDF]
  • Villemonteix T, Rogers, JC, Courbet O, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Kohls G, Raschle NM, Stadler C, Konrad K, Freitag CM, Fairchild G & De Brito SA (2021). Sex matters: association between callous-unemotional traits and uncinate fasciculus microstructure in youths with conduct disorder. Brain Imaging and Behavior. [PDF]


  • Chiocchetti AG, Rogers J, Pauli R, Raschle NM, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Smaragdi A, Martinelli A., Kohls G., Stadler C, Konrad K, Fairchild G, Freitag CM, Chechlacz M & De Brito S (2021). SLC25A24 gene methylation and gray matter volume in females with and without conduct disorder: an exploratory epigenetic neuroimaging study. Translational Psychiatry. [PDF]
  • Fehlbaum, L., Borbás, R., Paul, K., Eickhoff, S. B., & Raschle, NM (2021). Early and Late Neural Correlates of Mentalizing: ALE Meta-Analyses in Adults, Children and Adolescents. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. [PDF]
  • Borbás R, Fehlbaum L, Dimanova P, Negri A, Arudchelvam J, Schnider CB, & Raschle, NM (2021). Mental well-being during the first months of Covid-19 in adults and children: behavioral evidence and neural precursors. Scientific Reports 11 [PDF]
  • Borbás R, Fehlbaum LV, Rudin U, Stadler C, & Raschle, NM (2021). Neural correlates of Theory of Mind in children and adults using CAToon: introducing an open-source child-friendly neuroimaging task. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.
  • Staginnus M, Cornwell H, Oosterling M, Paradysz M, Smaragdi A, Rogers J, Martinelli A, Raschle NM, Kohls G, Konrad K, Stadler C, Freitag C, De Brito S & Fairchild G (2021). Childhood Maltreatment History is Linked to Abnormal Brain Structure in Conduct Disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 89(9), S180.
  • Bernhard A, Kirchner M, Martinelli A, Ackermann K, Kohls G, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Wells A, Fernández-Rivas A, De Artaza-Lavesa MG, Raschle NM, Konsta A, Siklósi R, Hervás A, Herpertz-Dahlmann B, De Brito S, Popma A, Stadler C, Konrad K, Fairchild G & Freitag CM (2021). Sex-specific associations of basal steroid hormones and neuropeptides with Conduct Disorder and neuroendocrine mediation of environmental risk. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 49, 40-53. [PDF]


  • Klapwijk ET, van den Bos W, Tamnes CK, Raschle NM, & Mills KL (2020). Opportunities for increased reproducibility and replicability of developmental neuroimaging. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 100902.
  • Menks WM, Fehlbaum LV, Borbás R, Sterzer P, Stadler C, & Raschle NM (2020). Eye gaze patterns and functional brain responses during emotional face processing in adolescents with conduct disorder. NeuroImage: Clinical, 102519.
  • Raschle NM, Borbás R, King C and Gaab N (2020) The Magical Art of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Study the Reading Brain. Frontiers for Young Minds. 8:72. doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.00072


  • Rogers J, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Kohls G, Baker R, Clanton R, Pauli R, Birch P, Chowdhury A, Kirchner M, Andersson J, Smaragdi A, Puzzo I, Baumann S, Raschle NM, Fehlbaum LV, Menks WM, Steppan M, Stadler C, Konrad K, Freitag CM, Fairchild G, De Brito S (2019). White Matter Microstructure in Youths with Conduct Disorder: Effects of Sex and Variation in Callous Traits. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28:1-1.
  • Raschle NM, Fehlbaum LV, Menks WM, Martinelli A, Prätzlich M, Bernhard A, Ackermann K, Freitag C, De Brito S, Fairchild G, Stadler C (2019). Atypical dorsolateral prefrontal activity in females with conduct disorder during effortful emotion regulation. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.
  • Souverein F, Dekkers T, Bulanovaite E, Doreleijers T, Hales H, Kaltiala-Heino R, Oddo A, Popma A, Raschle NM, Schmeck K, Zanoli M, Van der Pol T (2019). Overview of European forensic youth care: towards an integrative mission for prevention and intervention strategies for juvenile offenders. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 13(1):6. [PDF]
  • González-Madruga K, Rogers J, Toschi N, Riccelli R, Smaragdi A, Puzzo I, Clanton R, Andersson J, Baumann S, Kohls G, Raschle NM, Fehlbaum LV, Menks W, Stadler C, Konrad K, Freitag CM, De Brito S, Sonuga-Barke E, Fairchild G (2019). White matter microstructure of the extended limbic system in male and female youth with conduct disorder. Psychological Medicine. [PDF]


  • Fehlbaum LV, Raschle NM, Menks WM, Prätzlich M, Flemming E, Wyss L, Euler F, Sheridan M, Sterzer P & Stadler C (2018). Altered neuronal responses during an affective Stroop task in adolescents with conduct disorder. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 ,1961. [PDF]
  • Yu X, Raney T, Perdue MV, Zuk J, Ozernov-Palchik O, Becker BLC, Raschle NM & Gaab N (2018). Emergence of the neural network underlying phonological processing from the prereading to the emergent reading stage: A longitudinal study. Human Brain Mapping: 1-17. [PDF]
  • Prätzlich M, Oldenhof H, Steppan M, Ackermann K, Baker R, Batchelor M, Baumann S, Bernhard A,  Clanton R, Dikeos D, Dochnal R, Fehlbaum LV, Fernández-Rivas A, González de Artaza-Lavesa M, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Guijarro S, Gundlach M, Herpetz-Dahlmann B, Hervas A, Jansen L, Kerexeta-Lizeaga I, Kerten L, Kirchner M, Kohls G, Konsta A, Lazaratou H, Martinelli A, Menks WM, Puzzo I, Raschle NM, Rogers J, Siklósi R, Smaragdi A, Vriends N, Konrad K, De Brito S, Fairchild G, Kieser M, Freitag CM, Popma A, Stadler C (2018) Resting autonomic nervous system activity is unrelated to antisocial behaviour dimensions in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from a European multi-centre study. Journal of Criminal Justice. [PDF]
  • Zuk J, Perdue M, Becker B, Chang M, Raschle NM, Yu X & Gaab N (2018) Neural correlates of phonological processing: Disrupted in children with dyslexia and enhanced in musically trained children. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 34: 82-91 [PDF]
  • Oldenhof, M. Prätzlich, K. Ackermann, R. Baker, M. Batchelor, S. Baumann, A. Bernhard, R. Clanton, D. Dikeos, R. Dochnal, L.V. Fehlbaum, A. Fernández-Rivas, E. de Geus, K. Gonzalez, M. González de Artaza-Lavesa, S. Guijarro, M. Gundlach, B. Herpertz-Dahlmann, A. Hervas, L. Jansen, L. Kersten, G. Kohls, A. Konsta, H. Lazaratou, I. Kerexeta-Lizeaga, A. Martinelli, T. van Nimwegen, I. Puzzo, Raschle NM, J. Rogers, R. Siklósi, A. Smaragdi, M. Steppan, S. De Brito, G. Fairchild, M. Kieser, K. Konrad, C. Freitag, C. Stadler, A. Popma (2018). Baseline autonomic nervous system activity in female children and adolescents with conduct disorder: Psychophysiological findings from the FemNAT-CD study. Journal of Criminal Justice. [PDF]


  • Kersten, L., Vriends, N., Steppan, M., Raschle NM, Praetzlich, M., Oldenhof, H., Vermeiren, R., Jansen, L., Ackermann, K., Bernhard, A., Martinelli, A., Gonzalez-Madruga, K., Puzzo, I., Wells, A., Rogers, J. C., Clanton, R., Baker, R. H., Grisley, R., Baumann, S., Gundlach, M., Kohls, G., Gonzalez-Torres, M.A., Sesma-Pardo, E., Dochnal, R., Lazaratou, H., Kalogerakis, Z., Bogirra Gualba, A., Smaragdi, A., Siklósi, R., Dikeos, D., Hervás, A., Fernández-Rivas, A., De Brito, S.A., Konrad, K., Herpertz-Dahlmann, B., Fairchild, G., Freitag, C.M., Popma, A., Kiesner, M., & Stadler, C. (2017). Community violence exposure and conduct problems in children and adolescents with conduct disorder and healthy controls. Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience, 11, 219.
  • Raschle NM, Menks WM, Fehlbaum LV, Steppan M, Smaragdi A, Gonzalez K, Rogers J, Clanton R, Kohls G, Martinelli A, Bernhard A, Fairchild G, DeBrito S, Konrad K, Herpertz-Dahlmann B, Freitag C & Stadler C (2017) Callous-unemotional traits and brain structure: Sex-specific effects in anterior insula of typically-developing youths. NeuroImage: Clinical 17: 856-864. [DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.12.015]
  • Menks WM, Furger R, Lenz C, Fehlbaum LV, Stadler C & Raschle NM (2017). Microstructural white matter alterations in the corpus callosum of girls with conduct disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry: 56(3), 258-265. [PDF]
  • Smaragdi A, Cornwell H, Toschi N, Riccelli R, Gonzalez-Madruga K, Wells A, Clanton R, Baker R, Rogers J, Martin-Key N, Puzzo I, Batchelo M, Sidlauskaite J, Bernhard A, Martinelli A, Kohls G, Konrad K, Baumann S, Raschle NM, Stadler C, Freitag C, Sonuga-Barke EJS, De Brito S & Fairchild G (2017) Sex differences in the relationship between conduct disorder and cortical structure in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry: 56(8), 703-12. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Fehlbaum LV, Menks WM, Euler F, Sterzer P & Stadler C (2017). Investigating the neural correlates of emotion-cognition interactions using an affective Stroop task. Frontiers in psychology: 8, 1489. [PDF]
  • Menks WM & Raschle NM (2017) What can be learned from white matter alterations in antisocial girls. Journal of Neurology and Neuromedicine. [PDF]


  • Im K, Raschle NM, Smith SA, Ellen Grant P, & Gaab N (2016) Atypical Sulcal Pattern in Children with Developmental Dyslexia and At-Risk Kindergarteners. Cerebral Cortex: 26(3), 1138-1148. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Tshomba E, Menks W, Fehlbaum LV  & Stadler C (2016) Emotions and the brain – or how to master ‘The Force’. Frontiers for Young Minds. 4:16. doi: 10.3389/frym.2016.00016 [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Becker BLC, Smith S, Fehlbaum LV, Wang Y, Gaab N (2015) Investigating the Influences of Language Delay and/or Familial Risk for Dyslexia on Brain Structure in 5-Year-Olds. Cerebral Cortex, bhv267. [PDF]
  • Bernasconi R, Smieskova R, Schmidt A, Harrisberger F, Raschle NM, Lenz C, Walter A, Simon A, Riecher-Rössler A, Radue EW, Lang UE, Fusar-Poli P & Borgwardt S (2015) Hippocampal volume correlates with attenuated negative psychotic symptoms irrespective of antidepressant medication. NeuroImage. Clinical 8: 230-237. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Menks WM, Fehlbaum LV, Tshomba E, & Stadler C (2015) Structural and Functional Alterations in Right Dorsomedial Prefrontal and Left Insular Cortex Co-Localize in Adolescents with Aggressive Behaviour: An ALE Meta-Analysis. PLoS One 10(9):e0136553. [PDF]


  • Raschle NM, Smith SA, Figuccio MJ, & Gaab N (2014) Investigating the neural correlates of voice versus speech-sound directed information in pre-school children. PLoS One 9(12):e115549. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Stering PL, Meissner SN, & Gaab N (2014) Altered neuronal response during rapid auditory processing and its relation to phonological processing in prereading children at familial risk for dyslexia. Cerebral Cortex 24(9):2489-2501. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Zuk J,  Ortiz-Mantilla S, Sliva D, Franceschi A, Grant PE, Benasich AA, Gaab N  (2012) Pediatric neuroimaging in early childhood and infancy: challenges and practical guidelines. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1252 (1):43-50. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Zuk J, & Gaab N (2012) Functional characteristics of developmental dyslexia in left-hemispheric posterior brain regions predate reading onset. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109(6):2156-2161. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, Chang M, & Gaab N (2011) Structural brain alterations associated with dyslexia predate reading onset. NeuroImage 57(3):742-749. [PDF]
  • Raschle NM, et al. (2009) Making MR imaging child's play - pediatric neuroimaging protocol, guidelines and procedure. Journal of visualized experiments: JoVE (29). [PDF]
  • Vines BW, Schnider NM, & Schlaug G (2006) Testing for causality with transcranial direct current stimulation: pitch memory and the left supramarginal gyrus. Neuroreport 17(10):1047-1050. [PDF]

Book Chapter

Raschle NM, Chang MYH, Stering PL, Zuk J & Gaab N (2012) Neural correlates of reading related processes examined with fMRI before reading onset and after language/reading remediation. In A.A. Benasich & R.H. Fitch (Eds.), Developmental dyslexia: Early precursors, neurobehavioral markers and biological substrates (The Extraordinary Brain Series). (pp.275-294). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co.


Raschle NM (2011) Investigating neural and behavioral pre-markers of developmental dyslexia prior to reading onset. Thesis submitted to the University of Zurich, 2011. URN: urn:nbn:ch:bel-263173. Signatur: bel-263173.